Sudut Pandang Etika Kristen Menyikapi Pembangkangan Sipil (Civil Disobedience)

Sonny Zaluchu

Abstract


Abstract. Disobedience to the government can be realized in two ways. First by peaceful means and second by fighting against using violence. This happens because the interests of the community are sacrificed and or fulfilled so that there is a crisis of relations between the community and the government. This article discusses the ins and outs of the occurrence of civil disobedience and the way it is addressed regarding Christian ethics. Even though Biblical justification is only in favor of the conditional opposition, the reality, the various forms, and practices of opposition to the government take place around us. Especially if we are in a critical situation such as repression or repressive action, our human nature immediately responds. So as Christians, of course, our response must be different. Biblical considerations are our only choice when in crisis and oppression. That's where we determine the attitude towards the government.

Abstrak. Pembangkangan terhadap pemerintah dapat diwujudkan dengan dua cara. Pertama dengan cara damai dan kedua dengan melawan menggunakan kekerasan. Hal ini terjadi karena kepentingan masyarakat dikorbankan dan atau terbaikan sehingga terjadi krisis hubungan antara masyarakat dengan pemerintah. Artikel ini membahas tentang seluk beluk terjadinya pembangkangan (civil disobedience) dan cara menyikapinya ditinjau dari sudut pandang etika Kristen. Sekalipun pembenaran Alkitabiah hanya memihak pada penentangan bersyarat, tetapi kenyataan-nya, berbagai bentuk dan praktek penentangan terhadap pemerintah, berlangsung disekeliling kita. Terutama jika kita berada di dalam sebuah situasi kritis seperti penindasan atau tindakan represif, natur manusiawi kita langsung memberikan responnya. Maka sebagai orang Kristen, tentu saja respon kita harus berbeda. Pertimbangan Alkitabiah menjadi satu-satunya pilihan kita saat berada di dalam  krisis dan penindasan. Dari sanalah kita menentukan sikap terhadap pemerintah.



Keywords


disobedience; civil disobedience, government; ethics; pembangkangan; pembangkangan sipil; pemerintah; etika

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30648/dun.v3i1.176

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